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This is a combined cooperative effort between plumbing and health officials, municipalities, and property owners to establish and administer guidelines for controlling cross connections and ensure their enforcement so that the public drinking water supply is protected both in the city water distribution system and within buildings to the point of use. Our program consists of the following components: Public Education Program- We keep you informed with publication and meetings. For more information visit Cross Connection Survey- All industrial, commercial, and institutional facilities' plumbing systems will be inspected to determine if cross connections exist. Installation of Protective Devices- Backflow prevention devices or assemblies will need to be installed where known unprotected cross connections exist. Annual Testing- All backflow prevention assemblies will be tested once a year by certified testers.
Back-siphonage may occur when there is a drop in the supply pressure of the water distribution system. This can be caused by a water line break, water main repair, or during a rapid withdrawal of water from a fire hydrant. This creates a vacuum, which may pull or siphon contaminants or pollutants into the drinking water supply.
Backpressure may be created when a source of pressure, such as a pump, boiler, or other building creates a pressure greater than that supplied from the water distribution system; this may force water to reverse direction.
The survey is a walk-through of the water-system piping in a building or property, starting at the water meter and ending at the last free-flowing tap. Survey time varies depending upon the facility being surveyed. Large, complex facilities will be required to prove that they have an internal program to protect the potable water system. At the end of the survey HDI will produce a report describing any violations of discrepancies found, as well as a time frame for compliance.
Surveys of existing facilities will be scheduled based on the degree of hazard that they present to the water system. The first round of inspections will include city-owned buildings, public school facilities, hospitals/medical facilities, car washes, industrial/manufacturing facilities, and mortuaries. Inspections notices will be mailed to water customers approximately two weeks before the scheduled inspection date. A building representative should be available during the inspections to answer questions and provide access to areas within the facility.